FASTING THE DAY OF ASHURA – (Monday 9th Sep)
GRATITUDE & FORGIVENESS!!
It is highly recommended to fast this day. This is the day that Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemy, so Musa (AS) would fast in gratitude; and as a result, so do we. (Bukhari)
Ibn ‘Abbas said, ‘I never saw the Prophet (SAW) as keen to fast on any day, preferring it over another except this day – the day of ‘Ashura, and this month – meaning Ramadan.’ (Bukhari)
Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Fasting the day of ‘Arafah: I hope Allah will expiate (the sins) of the year before it and the year after it. Fasting the day of ‘Ashura: I hope Allah will expiate (the sins) of the year that came before it.” (Muslim)
It is recommended to fast a day before Ashura as well: Ibn Abbas said, “When the Messenger of Allah (SAW) fasted on Ashura and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘Messenger of Allah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.’ The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, ‘If I live to see the next year, in sha Allah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’ But it so happened that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) passed away before the next year came.” (Muslim)
Other narrations also mention adding a day after Ashura.
To summarise the rulings concerning this
1) It is permissible to fast Ashura by itself
2) It is recommended to fast 2 days: a day before Ashura along with Ashura
3) Or it is recommended to fast 2 days: a day after Ashura along with Ashura
4) It is OK to fast the day before, the day after and the day of Ashura itself.
5) Fasting the Day of of Ashura has no connection to the events of Kerbala or the Shia commemoration of this day.